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The Christian mystic Meister Eckehart wrote: "God is what he is; and what he is, that is mine; and what is mine, that I love; and what I love, that loves me and draws me into itself; and what has thus taken me to itself, to that I belong more than to myself. Behold, therefore, God minneth, and ye become God with God" (Eckehart 1973:18). A literalist Christian may find this text arrogant or even heretical, a psychologist sees here an extreme narcissism.
Even more radical is the statement of the Sufi mystic Ḣallāğ: "I am God" (Gramlich 1998:352) is understood by an atheist as megalomania, by an orthodox Muslim as blasphemy. In contrast, the Muslim mystic Rūmī explained this statement as follows: "Rūmī sees in 'I am God' the outward humility and slave-
These two examples show that the content of a statement, of a text, must be related to the context of the text itself and to the environment in the narrowest sense -
Therefore, the following principles should be observed in every text:
1. every text speaks first of all for itself: Every text is first of all what it says -
2. if a text is unclear, it should be related to its immediate, temporal-
3. ideological, theological-
Therefore, first and foremost, we let the text speak for itself. In most cases, the content is already clear from the text. Comments, paraphrasing or explanations are only added if they are absolutely necessary for the understanding of the text, or to lead over to a new thought.